What is cognizable offences

Jaane Cognizable offense ( संज्ञेय अपराध) and Non cognizable offense (गैर-संज्ञेय अपराध) Kya hote h..

  • India main Apraadh ko do bhaag main Bata gaya h ..
  • Cognizable offense ( संज्ञेय अपराध)
  • Non cognizable offense (गैर-संज्ञेय अपराध)

F.I.R kewal Cognizable offense ( संज्ञेय अपराध) main register ki jaati h.

Non cognizable offense(गैर-संज्ञेय अपराध) wale maamlo main Complaint (शिकायत)  magistrate se ki jati h jo police ko karwahi(investigation) Karne ke nirdesh(direction) deta h.

Ab ye…..!

Cognizable offense ( संज्ञेय अपराध)                       Non cognizable offense (गैरसंज्ञेय अपराध)

Kya hote h…!!!????🙄

What is cognizable offences

 

  • Cognizable offense ( संज्ञेय अपराध)

Wo aparaadh jisme police adhikaaree ko abhiyukt ko arrest karane ke lie warrant  ki jarurat nahin hotee hai. Aur magistrate (court) ki kisee bhee anumati ke bina jaanch shuroo karane ka adhikaar hota h.

Cognizable offense( संज्ञेय अपराध) ke maamle mein, ek baar aaropee(accused) ko giraphtaar kar lene ke baad, use nirdhaarit samay mein magistrate ke saamane pesh kiya jata hai.

F.I.R keval sangyey aparaadhon ke maamale mein hee  darj kee jaatee hai. sangyey aparaadh gambheer aparaadh hote hain jinamen hatya, balaatkaar, u docuity, theft, dahej hatya, apaharan, aaparaadhik vishvaasaghaat (criminal breach of trust) aur bhi anya jaghany (serious)aparaadh shaamil hain.

Aparaadh kee gambheerata ke aadhaar par, sangyey aparaadh(cognizable offense)  ya to prakrti mein jamaanatee ya gair-jamaanatee hote h.

(Cognizable offense) Sangyey aparaadh main 3 year)teen saal ya adhik ke kaaraavaas ke saath saja ko aakarshit karate hain.

Matlab punishment = jail + fine.

 

  • Non cognizable offense (गैरसंज्ञेय अपराध)

Gair-sangyey aparaadh jamanatee(bailable) hote h,   jab koee aparaadh gair-sangyey hai to police ko bina warrant ke (arrest)giraphtaar karane ka koee adhikaar nahin hai, saath hee ve adaalat kee poorv sveekrti (prior permission)ke bina jaanch shuroo karane ke adhikaar nahin hain.

Apraadh jaise ki  jaalasaajee, maarapeet, dhokhaadhadee, maanhaani, saarvajanik upadrav, chot, sharaarat aadi jaise aparaadh shaamil hain.

Gair-sangyey aparaadh mein nyaayik prakriya mahaanagareey(metropolitan) m

agistrate se ek aaparaadhik shikaayat(criminal complaint) darj karake shuroo hotee hai, jo tab sambandhit police station ko aparaadh ke anusaar jaanch karane ka aadesh detee hai.

Fir Jaanch(investigation) ke baad adaalat mein chaarjasheet daayar kee jatee hai, jisake baad mukadama chalaaya jaata hai. mukadame ke baad, adaalat abhiyukt ko giraphtaar karane ke lie warrant jaaree karane ke sambandh mein aadesh paarit karegee.

Gair-sangyey aparaadh (non cognizable offense)jamaanatee aparaadh hain. Gair

-sangyey aparaadhon ke lie saja (punishment) teen(3 year) saal se kam ya kabhee-kabhee sirf jurmaana (fine) hota h.

Matlab punishment = jail ya  fine.  Ya sirf fine ho saktaa h aur Jain nahi ho.

In baato ko dhyaan rakhkar hi police station main sikaayat ya F.I.R karwane jaaye.

Agle article me jaane Kya antar hota h sikayat (complaint) and F.I.R main..!!

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